What is Sickle Cell Disorder?

Sickle cell is an inherited blood disorder, which affects the red blood cells. Each red cell in the blood contains a protein called haemoglobin. (HbA). The function of the haemoglobin is to transport oxygen from the lungs to all the issues in the body. The red cells containing the usual haemoglobin HbA is round and will remain round and flexible after the oxygen is taken up by the tissues, this roundness enables them to flow easily through the tissue even after the oxygen has been given up. Sickle Cell Trait occurs when a person inherits the sickle haemoglobin HbS from only one parent and the usual haemoglobin from the other parent. They will have haemoglobin HbAS. People with the trait are known as 'carriers' - they do not suffer with sickle cell disorders or any ill effects, but they may pass the sickle gene HbS on to their children.Whom does Sickle Cell Disorder affect?People whose origins are Africa, the Caribbean, Asia, the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean.What problems are associated with Sickle Cell Disorders?Pain, tiredness, swelling of the arms or legs; jaundice.Where do people with Sickle Cell disorder experience pain?Pain can occur anywhere in the body- in the hands, arms and legs, chest, abdomen (tummy or stomach), or head. It can last for hours, days or weeks.When do people with sickle cell feel pain?When they have an infection, don’t drink enough and become dehydrated, overexertion-too much exercise or games, getting too cold in cold weather, sometimes after swimming, eating or drinking too many cold things.

Further information about Sickle Cell Disorder can be obtained from


The UK population takes millions of trips abroad every year; most of which will pass without any kind of incident. However, it is important to remember that when travelling to countries outside the UK you are less likely to be familiar with local conditions and risks. You may be more exposed to a variety of threats such as crime. The support and treatment you could freely receive in the UK may not be available or may be very expensive. So, to stay safe and secure abroad and to be prepared if things go wrong , it is important to take a few simple precautions before you travel and whilst you are abroad. Here are a few websites you may want to access for further information:




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